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Articles pertaining to political and economic history.

Posted on in History/Politics

The Second Thoughts of William F Buckley

An image of the Right peddled by liberals–gaining even more traction in the age of Trump–is that conservatives never entertain second thoughts about their positions (“sticking to one’s guns” is some conservative’s riposte to this image); never adjust, and are locked into fixed positions. By turns, liberals congratulate themselves on entertaining the idea that they may be wrong. But the late founder of the post-war conservative movement defied this image, In his lifetime, William F Buckley, founder of National Review, was stereotyped by such uber-leftists as Norman Mailer who called him a “gentlemanly” version of Goebbels and by Dwight McDonald… Keep Reading

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Mary McCarthy: Cheerleader for the Vietcong

Because novelist and literary critic Mary McCarthy was “a premature anti-Stalinist,” when the intellectual fashion in the 1930s was pro-Stalinist, one could assume from that moment on she saw through the various forms of communism. But this is not the case. In the early 1930s, McCarthy was a fellow-traveler of American communists, but this was lukewarm at best, as she confessed to finding them odd. McCarthy did not really have a sense of where she stood regarding communism until the Moscow Purge Trials began in 1936. The Trials were presented to the world as an effort by Josef Stalin to… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

Earl Browder: Political Plaything

In the 1950s, with China falling to the Communists, the Soviets acquiring an atomic bomb, and New Dealers like Alger Hiss being outed as Soviet spies, a popular refrain on the Right and even among some Democrats was that these events occurred because FDR was soft on communism. To combat this perception, FDR spear-carrier and partisan historian Arthur Schlesinger Jr., while acknowledging some naivete on FDR’s part towards Stalinism, cited the administration’s jailing of CPUSA leader Earl Browder for passport fraud in 1940 as proof of their anti-communism. The context of this arrest did show an awareness on the administration’s… Keep Reading

Posted on in Culture/History

Hemingway The Communist

Literary critics when dealing with the thorny issue of Ernest Hemingway’s politics have focused on a statement he made during the Spanish Civil War—a war that pitted, on one side, the Loyalists, backed by the Soviet Union, and a military rebellion, led by General Francisco Franco, and backed by Adolf Hitler. A Loyalist supporter whose leadership was controlled by the Spanish Communist Party and thus, the Soviets, Hemingway said while covering the conflict as a war correspondent, that “We’re all communists.” Literary historians and Hemingway’s contemporaries have scrambled to distance Hemingway from any communist sympathies. Instead, they have regarded Hemingway’s… Keep Reading

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Liberal Narratives

When exposed Soviet Spy Alger Hiss was convicted of perjury 96 years ago this month, the far Left, personified by the American Communist Party, denounced the verdict and championed Hiss as merely an innocent New Dealer framed by fascists. Fifties’ era liberals like Arthur Schlesinger Jr., a fervent defender of the New Deal, and one of the founders of post-war liberal anticommunism, refused to play that game. Along with other liberals (John Kenneth Galbraith, an economist who served in the Kennedy administration, John F. Kennedy, then a senator, and such literary heavyweights as Leslie Fiedler and Lionel Trilling), Schlesinger accepted… Keep Reading

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Fitzgerald: More Wised-Up Than Hemingway

When the Leonardo Di Carpio-powered The Great Gatsby came out in 2013, reviewers treated F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel with appropriate respect, but, like those before them, had also designated it the only reason he stands with Hemingway as a major novelist. The familiar story of Fitzgerald never being able to do a repeat performance because of his descent into alcoholism and dealing with his wife, the crazed Zelda is part of folklore. By the 1930s, the story goes, he was out of step with that decade of political commitment. But despite not being taken seriously by his literary contemporaries, Edmund… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/World

Rosenberg Avenue

In Cuba, where the main mode of transportation for officers is the bicycle, and the only flourishing trade is prostitution, one monument defies the crumbling setting. Even though the late Fidel Castro admitted that socialism had not worked in Cuba, one maxim remains as evidenced by the message on the monument: “For Peace Bread And Roses We Will Face The Executioner. Ethel and Julius Rosenberg. Murdered June 19, 1953.” What is telling about this is how it sidesteps debating their guilt or innocence and focuses exclusively on how they died. With their “innocence” now in ideological tatters, only their execution remains… Keep Reading

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Edmund Wilson: Too Little, Too Late

George Orwell once famously said that some ideas are so preposterous that only an intellectual could believe them. This was never truer than with Edmund Wilson, America’s premier man of letters in the 20th Century and 120 years old this year. As a literary critic, Wilson was solidly empirical, examining an author through their biography, and then applying this information to their works. Such an approach would have made him politically incorrect in today’s circles where “isms” are hammered onto an author’s works. A case in point: Jay Gatsby, the main character in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby is… Keep Reading

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Melvyn Douglas: A Liberal At War With The Reds

When in 1940, the House Committee on Un-American Activities came to Hollywood to investigate suspected industry communists, they overshot their mark by including actor Melvyn Douglas. Douglas was hardly a communist; indeed, he had been battling the influence of Party members in liberal and anti-fascist groups for well over a decade. Because he became president, Ronald Reagan is often cited as a liberal anti-communist who once warred with industry Communists. But Douglas, an unreconstructed New Dealer, had fought Communist influence a full decade before Reagan. Previously apolitical, Douglas and his Helen Gahagan Douglas (a future Congresswoman who ran and lost a… Keep Reading

Posted on in History

“False Witness” Harvey Matusow

During the blacklist period, anti-anti-communists cast doubt on the sincerity of red-hunters, arguing that anti-communism was just a means for them to get publicity and money. They even peddled the legend that once Senator Joseph McCarthy was no longer a force to be reckoned after the Senate stripped him of his powers in 1954, he abandoned his red-hunting crusade and tried to get mileage out of promoting civil liberties. But this claim was false. Even with Cold War tensions abating in the mid-50s, McCarthy to his dying day still bellowed about the communist menace, but now to empty chambers. Anti-anti-communists… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

When Coups Worked

When then-President John F. Kennedy called for a “flexible response” regarding policy toward the Soviet Union, he was reacting to the policies of the Eisenhower years. Historians have labeled the latter administration’s strategy as “massive retaliation,” which meant that the United States was prepared to empty the silos at communist aggression. Sixty-three years ago this week, John Foster Dulles, Eisenhower’s pick for secretary of state, told Congress during his confirmation hearings, that he not only favored “containing” Soviet Union, but also liberating captive populations behind the Iron Curtain. But the administration had backed itself into a suicidal corner by assuring… Keep Reading

Posted on in History

Wise Girl

Eleanor Roosevelt called her “neurotic.” Then-President Harry Truman dismissed her testimony as a “red herring.” Anticommunist newspapers, who found her credible, glamorized her as “a shapely blonde.” The former First Lady was closer to the mark about the mental instability of former-spy-turned-government-witness Elizabeth Bentley but wrong on her credibility; Roosevelt regarded Bentley’s accusations that several New Dealers were communist spies as baseless. Anticommunists, wrong on her appearance–she was a dowdy 40-year-old–would be proven correct by history that she was telling the truth, and one group, the FBI, knew it immediately. But one got the sense that conservatives were embarrassed by… Keep Reading

Posted on in Culture/History

Faking History To Make The Black Kids Feel Good

A known quantity in the faking department is Rev. Al Sharpton. In a video that gets considerable play on TV, Sharpton informs a rapt audience that “white folks” were cave dwellers when blacks were building empires and pyramids; teaching philosophy, astrology, and mathematics. “Socrates and them Greek homos” were mere copycats, aping black civilization. As revealed in “Helping The Sharpton and Obama Afrocentrism ‘Fade to Black,’” this mythistory has a presence in America’s schools, tertiary and secondary. By now we know that mass media and government under both national parties routinely generate fake news to achieve political ends. That our… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

McCarthy’s Achilles Heel

An oft-repeated phrase by liberal anticommunists about Joseph McCarthy, that he may as well have been a KGB agent for all the damage he did to the anticommunist cause, inspired Richard Condon to write his Cold War masterpiece, The Manchurian Candidate, a tale of a Soviet sleeper agent directing her brainless headline-grabbing senator husband to destroy Cold War alliances and thus allow a communist takeover of the country. But McCarthy, for all his inability to substantiate any of his charges–a factor that exasperated defenders like William F. Buckley and repelled conservative heavyweights like Whittaker Chambers from supporting him (Chambers would… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

CIA Infiltration of Student Associations

Early on in her work, Karen Paget notes that many on the sixties’ far left misunderstood liberal anticommunism, and hence lumped it in with the Right. Although she does make distinctions between both varieties of anti-communism, she succumbs to sixties’ era views of the CIA as fascist. She treats her portrayal of the CIA penetration of the National Student Association, from 1950 to its outing by Ramparts in 1967 as a “gotcha” moment, where the very existence of said partnership is in and of itself damning. She does acknowledge that liberals had been burned by student unions dominated by secret… Keep Reading

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The Islamic Ties to Hitler

In his last great battle in a lifetime of dust-ups, the late Christopher Hitchens, in the aftermath of Sept. 11th, coined the term “Islamofascists” to describe and denounce the Muslim world. Linking it to 20th-century fascist movements, Hitchens elaborated: “The most obvious points of comparison would be these: Both movements are based on a cult of murderous violence that exalts death and destruction and despises the life of the mind. (“Death to the intellect! Long live death!” as Gen. Francisco Franco’s sidekick Gonzalo Queipo de Llano so pithily phrased it.) Both are hostile to modernity (except when it comes to… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

Waving Lists

Waving lists is as old as the Republic. But when Senator Joseph McCarthy waved his, 66 years ago, it became much more than the usual political gesture. By waving a list he asserted showing 205 communists currently harbored by the Secretary of State, he worsened an already panicky situation, giving the angry public ready-made answers as to why the country was losing the Cold War while helping foster class divisions in the country and dealing anticommunism a blow that it took decades to recover from. When McCarthy spoke to the Ohio County Women’s Republican Club in Wheeling, West Virginia, a… Keep Reading

Posted on in Culture/History

Uncovering Dashiell Hammett

With the death of Lillian Hellman in 1984, biographers freed from her threatens of lawsuits and blocked access to primary sources, were finally able to mount a considerable archaeological effort regarding Dashiell Hammett. As a result, they have been able to track down his letters, his screen treatments, and the unpublished stories he wrote or re-wrote or abandoned altogether. With these two collections, The Return of the Thin Man and The Hunter and Other Stories, the well has finally run dry. This begs the question as to whether all this effort was worth it. The immediate answer is yes. As… Keep Reading

Posted on in History

Standing or Falling: The Owen Lattimore Case

“I am willing to stand or fall on this one.” So said Senator Joseph McCarthy, 50 years ago, who was already embattled two months into his investigations, which began in February of 1950 when he waved a list numbering–depending on who you wish to believe, McCarthy or his foes–205 or 57 Communists currently employed in the State Department. The case he was willing to risk his career on concerned Professor Owen Lattimore, a self-described China expert. When China fell to the Communists under Mao Tse Tung in 1949, Republicans–and even some Democrats, Senator John F.Kennedy among them–sought to answer the… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

Allen Weinstein’s Perjury

Late President Richard Nixon would call it “gutsy.” Others called it “sisso,” the Finnish word for chutzpah. No matter how it was expressed, they were right about historian Allen Weinstein and his groundbreaking book on the Alger Hiss case published 35 years ago. Today the consensus among scholars is that Hiss was, as two juries proclaimed in 1950, a Soviet spy. But in the 1970s, Hiss was riding high. Watergate allowed him to cast himself as Nixon’s “first victim.” Prior, Nixon had been the Congressional pursuer of Hiss during his testimony before the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). And… Keep Reading

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Eugene Genovese: Politics of History

Historian Eugene Genovese has been categorized by pundits as following the familiar trajectory of ex-Stalinists who, having repudiated past allegiance, lurch violently to the Right. Pundits point to his speeches at the Conservative Political Action Committee, and his 1994 confessional, explaining how he and his generation defended Stalin’s murderous policies as evidence of the movement’s nature. But even in the heyday of his Stalinist sympathies, Genovese revealed strains that would eventually overwhelm his radicalism while at the same time keeping him with one foot still in the communist camp. Genovese joined the Communist Party at 15, and was a Party… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/World

In The End, The Truth Prevails

In 1984, a nearly broken Winston Smith told his inner-party torturer O’Brien that despite the government’s control over the truth, it would somehow prevail. This was never more true than in the case of Jan Masaryk, who died on January 2nd, 67 years ago. Stroll down in Czechoslovakia today and there is a statue proclaiming “truth prevails, but it is a chore.” Truer words were never spoken. The statue is of Jan Masaryk, former foreign minister of Czechoslokia from 1940 until its absorption into a Soviet satellite in 1948. The truth of his murder was indeed heavy-going. But even before… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Law

Cold War’s Supreme Court

Cold War scholar Kai Bird once stated that the ultimate sin of McCarthyism was that it did not take into account context. By this he meant that Joe McCarthy was ignoring the defensible, if wrong-headed reasons people became communists in the Great Depression. After all, capitalism seemed to be failing, the Russian 5 year plan seemed to be an economic success, and fascism, seemingly opposed solely by the Soviet Union, was on the rise. For concerned citizens, it appeared that only the Communists were doing anything to fight Adolf Hitler and the Great Depression. But this plea for context has… Keep Reading

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Algonquin Round Table’s Only Informed Activist

Members of the Algonquin Round Table considered themselves the most sophisticated thinkers in twenties’ America. Wised up by the tragedy of World War I, in which many members served, they were adepts of mindless leader-worship and self-importance. But by the 1930s several of them succumbed to both idolatry, albeit secular, taking themselves very seriously by becoming committed Stalinists. Dorothy Parker and Donald Ogden Stewart abandoned screwball humor for jokes with a political point and defended every zig and zag of Stalin’s policies, with particular emphasis on supporting his version of the Purge Trials. Not all of the alumni would fall… Keep Reading

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Part Of Our Time

John Patrick Diggins, a man I consider a mentor, once told me of an encounter he had with liberal journalist Murray Kempton in the 1970s. Kempton knew of Diggins’ work on communists-turned-conservatives. “I see you like to write about people who change their mind,” he said, following up with: “I like to write about people who don’t change their minds.” At the time of the meeting, Kempton had subscribed to “anti-anti-communism,” and readers would expect him to laud communists who stuck to their guns, as he often did. Especially in the case of Stalin suck-up Lillian Hellman. But this was… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics/World

Ron Paul calls out United States’ hypocrisy over meddling in elections

Fear of the Russians has become apart of American politics and culture again. Just like throughout the Cold War, politicians and the media are now feeding fears that the Russian menace is trying to undermine the American way of life. This year, the allegation is that the Russians interfered with the presidential election. This interference occurred with repeated hacks of Democratic Party officials and entities and subsequent release of the information. This arguably swayed the election cycle, both in the primary and general. Even if it were true the Russians were interfering with our own election, do we have a… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Philosophy/Politics

Declaration of Freedom: How a sixty year old book can help the Conservative Movement find its way

“The crucial feature of our troubled world is its tragic division.” That is the opening statement of Elton Trueblood’s book titled Declaration of Freedom, and those words are just as true now as they were sixty some odd years ago when he first penned them. If there is anything that this past year has made abundantly clear it is that our nation is tragically divided along lines of race, economics, political affiliation, and a host of other issues. We have seen the animosity of Bernie vs. Hillary, Hillary vs. Trump, and Trump vs. pretty much everyone else play out over… Keep Reading

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2016: Republicans won the Battle but will they Win the War?

2016 was a great year for the Republican party. Donald Trump won the presidency, they control the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House, most governor’s offices, and most state legislatures. They have truly won the battle, but have they won the war? Properly Provisioning the Troops Results in Military Victory In 1846, the United States and Mexico found themselves in a bitter battle over the boundary between these two countries. General Scott was sent to Mexico to lead the American Army. General Winfield Scott eventually led his army all the way to Mexico City. General Scott received a lot of recognition… Keep Reading

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The Uses and Abuses of Nietzsche by the Left

The phrases “will to power” and “Übermensch” carry around with them the stench of Nazism and other forms of fascism; that is, most people associate the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1944-1900) with the Right rather than the Left. In the public imagination, the mustachioed madman is an anti-Semite and racial supremacist. On one hand this reputation is deserved because some of his ideas and prejudices do conform to fascist ideology; on the other hand, it is undeserved, because his thought was thoroughly misread and cherry-picked by fascists for their own end. (For this we have Nietzsche’s sister – who promoted her… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

The Anti-Communist in the Closet

Of all the literary critics, Leslie Fiedler might be the one with the most labels attached to him. He has been portrayed as a post-modernist (on the strength of him being the first to utter the word); as a Queer Theorists–his 1948 breakthrough essay–“Come Back To The Raft A’gin Huck Honey”–argued that the relationship between Huck Finn and “Nigger” Jim was homoerotic as were many male bonding relationships in American literature; a New Leftist, despite his age–he was in his 50s during the 1960s– based on police raiding his house and finding marijuana, and his view of Vietnam as the… Keep Reading

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Suzanne La Follette: Libertarian Feminist

Every March, celebrators of Women’s History Month trot out all the usual names to be praised for their iconoclasm: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Betty Friedan, Gloria Steinham, Hillary Clinton. But forgotten in this old medley is one who was every bit as feminist. Consider the career of the never-celebrated Susan La Follette. She had the same swashbuckling iconoclasm that Gloria Stenhem is celebrated for: she was an author of one of the first books to examine feminism from an economic perspective, an editor on an all-male magazine, and a member of the feminist group The League of Equal Opportunity. Like other… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

Congress of Cultural Freedom

Nearly 70 years ago, a breed of Democrat sadly lacking in today’s lineup with the quasi-socialist Barack Obama on one side and the admitted socialist Bernie Saunders on the other, formed an uncompromising anti-communist organization called The Congress of Cultural Freedom. Unlike today’s era of NSA intrusions into privacy, in which Nancy Pelosi declared that Americans supported the curtailing of civil liberties in exchange of being “protected” by government surveillance programs, this organization had a civil liberties, even libertarian bent. One of it founders, Arthur Schlesinger Jr, attacked Communism as a totalitarian government which made the individual “the creature of… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

Warren Commission Revisited

Historians have argued that an event should be studied fifty years after the fact. Only then can it be looked at objectively, as all the evidence should have come in, and those with an axe to grind have died off. At fifty-two years, the Warren Commission looms less large today than it did in 1964. Much of this has to do with Sept. 11th supplanting the Kennedy assassination as the event that provokes among the populace the question “where were you when.” Those who have attacked the Warren Commission back when it was noticed have split into two camps. Both… Keep Reading

Posted on in History

The Arms Industry War on America

Recently, the film Man Down premiered in theaters across the United States. The film showcases the negative effects that war has both on the people who serve in them and their families back home. The film has the viewer immersed in the story, and I couldn’t help but leave the film thinking about the problems resulting from American militarism. How is it that we have 200,000 veterans who are homeless? Why do we have one in five veterans ending up with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder? And why are 20 veterans committing suicide a day?   This depressing state of affairs has… Keep Reading

Posted on in History

Sell outs

Seventy one years ago, FDR bequeathed to presidency-hungry Republicans a campaign issue, courtesy of the Yalta conference. The conservative argument about this wartime meeting ranged from FDR being sick and taken advantage of by a robust, manipulative Stalin; or that FDR’s secession of Eastern Europe to the Soviet dictator was further proof of the president’s pro-communist sympathies. Liberals in the bourgeoning Cold War countered that there was little the Americans could do about Eastern Europe short of a war with the largest land army on earth. They also stated that it was the Russians who did not live up to… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

William Colby: “Liberal” CIA Director

Since the 1974-75 Church Committee investigations into CIA illegality. the image of the Agency has wavered between inept bunglers or hyper-secretive fanatics operating as a shadow government. (Usually these perceptions are divisible by age. The former is attributed to the young who chastised the Agency for not preventing 9-11; the latter, composed of the 60s’ Left who blame the CIA for everything from the Kennedy assassination to the crisis in the Ukraine). Certainly there is some credence in both. The Agency’s assassination tools to kill Castro–exploding cigars, beard-destroying drugs, toxic wet suits–were the last word in musical comedy. At times,… Keep Reading

Posted on in History

Orwell and Hitler

Throughout his life, George Orwell was labeled a fascist by the Communist Left. Reviewing 1984, Harry Politt, head of the British Communist Party, characterized Winston Smith as a Nazi, based on his willingness when asked by O’Brian, who was masquerading as a rebel against Big Brother, if he would murder a child for the revolution. Today, leftist critics have continued this accusation. Of particular importance to their indictment was Orwell”s “list,” which he gathered during the war privately as to who he believed would act as a quisling should the Soviets invade Great Britain. In 1949, he turned said list… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

Loving Stalin

Next month, many in the former Soviet Union will follow a recent tradition of lauding Josef Stalin on his birthday–Dec. 18, 1878. Three years ago, the statue of the dictator was dismantled by the Russian government, an action supported by the current Georgian government. Now the Russian government has rebuilt the statue. Past celebrators of Stalin have indicated their lingering love of the dictator.. Georgian resident Phatima Patishvili said, ‘I came here because I love Stalin and I love my people. I remember when I was 12 how my grandmother was weeping when Stalin died.'” Stalin was also celebrated in… Keep Reading

Posted on in History

Dasheill Hammtt and The Long View of History

In a scene the Left loves to replay as one of its heroic and clarifying moments, witness Dashiell Hammett replied to interrogator Joe McCarthy’s question over the matter of whether banning communist authors from overseas military libraries would be an effective way to fight communism: “If I were fighting communism, I wouldn’t allow people to read at all.” It’s easy to see why the Left drags this comment out in any retrospective remembrance of the witch hunt days. Implicit in Hammett’s comment is the notion that unpoliced reading leads inexorably to communist–read progressive–sympathies. One wonders if Hammett was being autobiographical… Keep Reading

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Hollywood Anticommunists during the Golden Age

Once upon a time, Hollywood conservatives did not hide in the closet, recoiling at pro-Communist influence in Hollywood but keeping their criticisms private. Instead they organized and publicly proclaimed their allegiance to the Constitution. Their organization was called The Motion Picture Alliance for The Preservation of American Ideals, founded seventy years ago. The tide was against them, and was as formidable as the one today that drives conservatives underground. 1943 was the high tide of communist influence in Hollywood owing to the Soviet Union being an ally of the United States against Hitler. Films glorifying the Stalin regime such as… Keep Reading

Posted on in History

Charlie Chaplin The Peace Monger

Charlie Chaplin is unique among Hollywood legends for being awarded both an honorary Oscar and the Communist International Peace Prize. The first award was given to him for being a pioneer of motion pictures, but he is no less the pioneer in his politics. His support for communist dictators while preaching free speech and tolerance was a forerunner of Left Coast Hollywood today. In his lifetime he repeatedly denied being a communist, stating that he was too wealthy to ever want to be one. Instead he labeled himself “a peace-monger” and supporter of individual rights. Whatever sympathies he had for… Keep Reading

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“Demanding a Recount” William F. Buckley’s 1965 Campaign for Mayor of New York

In the film Annie Hall, Woody Allen, a New York –actually Upper West Side–lover if there ever was one, complained of how the image of New York to the rest of the country was that of a “homosexual, left wing, communist” city. He followed up with, “even I live here and I sometimes think that.” And homosexuality aside, the far Left did dominate the city. When I lived there, I noticed that the political spectrum veered so far to the Left that my professors considered uber-Democrat and New Deal champion Arthur Schlesinger to be a “conservative.” To argue that these… Keep Reading

Posted on in Culture/History

Errol Flynn: Hollywood Dupe

Today, those who have witnessed nearly 50 years of A-list stars such as Jane Fonda, Sean Penn, Ed Asner, and Danny Glover fall head over heels for Communist dictators, pine for the patriotic 1930s and 40s, where movie stars like Jimmy Stewart and Clark Gable found something worthwhile in America to take up arms for. Those who did join or fellow-travel with the American Communist Party were hardly A-list actors, but either B-level stars like Lloyd Bridges, Larry Parks or character ones such as Lionel Stander, Gayle Sondergard, and Howard De Silva. Even the Party’s greatest recruits, the screenwriters, only… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

What Could Have Been

An unshakable tenet of those who still carry a torch for John F. Kennedy, elected 65 years ago today, is not what he did while in office, but what he would have done had Lee Harvey Oswald missed. According to those of the Grassy Knoll school of thought, chiefly but not exclusive to Oliver Stone, Kennedy would have ended the Cold War in his second term, and thus spared the country the civil war between the “Greatest Generation” and the “Baby Boomers” over Vietnam. But one doesn’t have to be of the paranoid school to embrace such extrapolated certainties. Arthur… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

Wisconsin and Michigan Recounts and the Story of Yellow Journalism

Over the last week, I have visited five counties in two states as a part of the team of attorneys representing Donald Trump in the Wisconsin and Michigan recounts. Based on my observations, there was no widespread fraud in the 2016 elections. Almost every day, I would receive a message from one of my friends who would forward an article that they had seen on the internet. The article would make some sort of allegation of widespread fraud or abuse that demonstrated that some party was caught cheating and that the results would have a major impact on the elections.… Keep Reading

Posted on in History

Pearl Harbor and how Capitalism Won the War

On December 7, 1941, the United States of America was drawn into war with Japan. 75 years ago, Japan bombed the military installations at Pearl Harbor taking the lives of thousands of Americans. Pre-Pearl Harbor Economic Situation After World War I, the United States and its allies entered into the Washington Naval Treaty. This Treaty was to ensure that an arms race was curtailed. The treaty limited the size of each nation’s navy. While Japan was permitted to have a Navy significantly larger than either France or Italy, Japan felt snubbed because their Navy was not permitted to be as… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Philosophy

Today in History: Cicero is Assassinated

December 7, 43 BC What does it take to be a philosopher-statesman? To dedicate one’s life to public service, to approach the issues of the day with a level head, to remain reasonable in the face of radicalism, and, above all, to carry your convictions through to their logical end, even if it costs your life? Marcus Tullius Cicero lived to see the greatest political moments in western history over the course of his 63-year life and his political, legal, and academic careers spanning nearly as long. But he didn’t just see it. He was an integral part of it.… Keep Reading

Posted on in History/Politics

Why pardoning Edward Snowden is important to American history

Over the last several years, the debate over whistleblowers in society has intensified. Former NSA contractor Edward Snowden currently lives in exile, unable to return home because of what he leaked. While in all technicality he did break the law, sometimes morality is greater than legality. The programs he exposed confirmed the suspicions of many and painted a more vivid picture of the nightmares we long imagined. We are being watched like criminals without a criminal conviction, our data is being intercepted as if we’re terrorists without committing a terrorist act, and all of this information is being stored without… Keep Reading

Posted on in History

Still Cold

In a 1993 foreword to his classic, The Spy Who Came In From the Cold (1963), Le Carree, who, in his role as an agent for the Secret Intelligence Service was stationed in Berlin when the Wall went up, declared it a symbol of “an ideology gone mad,” guarded by “brainwashed little thugs.” For those who knew of his works, this was startling, for his metier had always been the moral equivalence between the Soviet Union and Great Britain. Keep Reading

Posted on in History

Manchuria Revisited

When Richard Condon, a former publicist for Walt Disney, sought a theme to unsettle late 50s America, arguably the calmest period of the Cold War, he didn’t resort to nuclear war. Instead, he backtracked to the early 1950s, when every headline showed the exposure of one more Soviet Spy in the halls of power. This formidable fear competed with brainwashing, a technique pioneered by the Chinese during the Korean War. While the communist-in-government theme disturbed America and led many to support the housecleaning Joseph McCarthy promised, it posed the same terror as brainwashing. The notion of working America that treachery… Keep Reading

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